History of Bangladesh
The history of Bangladesh is a thorough account that tracks the nation’s origins, progress, and significant events. The historical timeline of Bangladesh, from its ancient roots to the struggles for independence, is a testament to resilience and perseverance. This article explores in detail the key milestones, cultural influences, and political developments that have shaped the history of Bangladesh. It provides a comprehensive understanding of the nation’s past.
Bangladesh gained independence with the Liberation War of 1971 against Pakistan. Then Bangladesh was born as a free country. That’s why the historical chapter of Bangladesh is measured from the time of the Liberation War.
On 18 July 1947, the Indian Independence Act was proposed to form a state with the two Muslim colonial areas. Then, on 12 August, the area of the country was measured and on 14 August 1947, Pakistan was established with two provinces called East and West Pakistan. The people of East Pakistan thought it would fulfill the dream and they would get equal rights and development. After some days, the people of East Pakistan realized they were wrong. They were not getting the chance to participate in the politics. They were derived from economic and business opportunities.
Then, the people of East Pakistan realized they needed to raise their voices. Similarly, in 1952, the Govt. of West Pakistan declared Urdu as the official language of the two states. However, the students of Bangladesh took the position of this statement. On 21 February 1952, the students started a movement. The armed police of the West Pakistan Govt. fired on the movement and 10 students died on the spot and hundreds of students were injured severely. At last, the people of West Pakistan saved their Mother Tongue. In the 17 November 1999, UNESCO declared the day as the International Mother Language Day. Now, it is celebrated worldwide as the International Mother Language Day to give respect to martyrs.
In conclusion, the history of Bangladesh highlights the significant sacrifices made by its people to preserve their mother tongue. The events of 1952, where students bravely protested the imposition of Urdu as the official language, resulted in the loss of lives but ultimately led to the recognition and celebration of International Mother Language Day. This day serves as a global tribute to the martyrs and a symbol of the enduring spirit of Bangladesh.
The domination of West Pakistan increased day by day. Then, the political parties, including the Awami League, started to lead to free up the country. On 26 March 1971, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared Bangladesh as a free nation. The whole nation from all professions joined the movement. They were in the same voice to set free the country. In the meantime, the armed attack following the order of Govt. on the intellectual people of Bangladesh called Operation Searchlight on 25 March was the black day for murdering a lot of unarmed intellectual persons from Bangladesh. Then, 26 March was announced to release the country. Now, the day is observed as the independence day of Bangladesh. The Awami League leaders formed the exiled government at Meherpur, Kustia, on April 17, 1971. The Mukti Bahini (Freedom Fighters) was established with the participation of the civilian people. The forces were organized into 11 sectors and led by General M. A. G. Osmani. They conducted a continuous guerrilla war against the brute of West Pakistan. The sacrifice of life of countless people forced Pakistan’s military to surrender. At last, after 9 months of battle and the life of 30 lakh people, on 16 December 1971, Bangladesh got independence.
The history of Bangladesh bears the courage and the love for their beloved country. The Bengali can achieve anything for the sake of truth and establishing the root. They have proved it in any dangerous situation, including the Movement for the Mother Tongue and the Liberation War of Bangladesh, as well as enriched the country after the war.
The culture of Bangladesh is very rich. We have a set of unique and old traditions in our country. The people of Bangladesh are peace lovers and like to meet and collaborate with one another. We have gotten it from our ancestors, and we are eagerly maintaining the tradition and culture. People from around the world come here to know the unique history of us. They like the hospitality of the people of Bangladesh. Thus, we are going forward to keep the footprint in every sector of the world.
In conclusion, the history of Bangladesh is a testament to the resilience and determination of its people. From its struggles for independence to its ongoing efforts towards socioeconomic development, Bangladesh has emerged as a significant player on the global stage. By learning from its past and embracing its diverse heritage, Bangladesh continues to shape its future as a nation marked by progress and unity.